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Reframing Organizations

Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, Bolman and Deal. First published in 1984. Its four-frame model examines organizations as factories, families, jungles, and theaters or temples:
The Structural Frame: how to organize and structure groups and teams to get results
The Human Resource Frame: how to tailor organizations to satisfy human needs, improve human resource management, and build positive interpersonal and group dynamics
The Political Frame: how to cope with power and conflict, build coalitions, hone political skills, and deal with internal and external politics
The Symbolic Frame: how to shape a culture that gives purpose and meaning to work, stage organizational drama for internal and external audiences, and build team spirit through ritual, ceremony, and story

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